Yesterday I posted about supplies needed if you are going to shelter in place. Today's list is in addition to that. All the supplies in the world will not help you if you have to leave them. We keep our bug out supplies in backpacks and waistpacks in a closet next to the front door so that they can be grabbed and taken in case a fast relocation is required. You can click on the title above to be sent to my website containing all sorts of kits. Or you can click the small banner at the bottom to visit a companion company who also has a large assortment of supplies.
Extra food and water such as MREs or emergency food bars, can help keep your energy up and also minimize the likelihood of panic. It is not recommended that one eat food when there is no water, as the body requires water to metabolize food. It is also recomended that you stock water purification tablets.
Extra clothes protect against hypothermia. Multiple layers of clothes are generally warmer than a single thick garment. By having the ability to simply take off a layer of clothes, one can avoid overheating, which can cause sweat and dampen clothing. A change into dry clothes is the fastest way to get warm if you're wet. Extra clothing is also useful for protection from the elements, including thorns, insects, sun, wind, and often cold. If necessary, they can be cut into bandages, used as a tree climbing aid, made into hot pads, pillows, towels, or makeshift ropes.
A first aid kit usually contains items to treat cuts, blisters, punctures and burns. Additional items might address broken fingers, limbs, cardiac conditions, hypothermia, frostbite, hyperthermia, hypoxia, insect and snake bites, allergic reactions, burns and other wounds. If applicable, include any personal medications.
Matches, a lighter and fire starter (typically chemical heat tabs, canned heat, or magnesium stick) to light a campfire is useful for preventing hypothermia and to signal for aid. In an emergency, a fire increases one's will to survive.
A knife is useful for opening packages, building shelter, shaving wood for tinder, eating, field surgery (after sterilization), cutting rope and clothing, etc. A multi-tool such as a Leatherman is also a versatile choice.
Flashlights and headlamps protect against physical injury when traveling in the dark. A flashlight is also useful for finding things in the pack, observing wildlife in dark places and for signaling. Extra batteries and bulbs are highly recommended. Lamps using LEDs have become very popular, due to their robustness and low power consumption.
A map and compass assists one in not getting lost in the field. Losing one's bearing in unfamiliar terrain raises the risk of anxiety and panic, and hence, physical injury. Maps that cover the relevant area in sufficient detail and dimension (topography, trails, roads, campsites, towns, etc.) and the skill and knowledge to use them are indispensable when traveling through the outdoors, especially when the place of travel lacks signage, markings or guides. Even a basic compass can help an individual find his way to safety.
And last but not least, Sunglasses to help prevent snow blindness. Sunlight, especially when reflected in snow, can seriously limit visibility, and jeopardize one's ability to travel safely.
Add to this, a Swiss Army knife, Gerber Survival tool or Leatherman (or two) and one change of warm clothes per person and you will be basically prepared.
We recommend one full week's worth of supplies or more for each person. It is also a good idea to have enough extra for at least one more person than planned. This allows you to be able to either help out a friend or neighbor or to last a little while longer.